Scope and Sequence of Writing & Grammar

Writing & Grammar Grade 7

Parts of Speech:

Noun; pronoun; verb; simple and perfect tenses; adjective; adverb; preposition; conjunction; interjection

Sentence Structure:

Sentence patterns: S-InV, S-TrV-DO, S-TrV-IO-DO, S-LV-PN, S-LV-PA; introduction to dependent clauses; sentence types; declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory; clause structure; simple, compound, complex; sentence errors: fragments, comma splices, fused sentences

Mechanics:

Capitalization; punctuation; spelling

Usage:

Subject/Verb agreement; pro-noun/antecedent agreement; pronoun reference; troublesome words (homophones, homonyms, etc.)

Writing Skills:

Writing process: planning, drafting, revising and proofreading, publishing; paragraph development: fact, example, statistic, incident/anecdote, sensory detail, reason; paragraph organization: chronological, spatial, order of importance; style: precise words, showing; not telling

Examples of Writing Projects:

Description: biographical sketch; Exposition: in-class essay, science report evaluation; Narration: family tradition report, drama scene; Persuasion: letter to editor; Poetry: sound poem

Study & Reference Skills:

Dictionary: guide words, entry word, syllabification, pronunciation, definition, function label, etymology; library: types of materials, call number, alphabetizing, Dewey decimal system, Library of Congress system; card catalog, computer catalog; reference tools; parts of a book; scheduling study time; memory techniques; reading comprehension: definitions, restatements, examples, word parts; test-taking strategies; classroom tests, standardized tests

Writing & Grammar Grade 8

Parts of Speech (and Verbals):

Review of all from Grade 7 plus the following new material: pronoun-relative; verb-progressive tense, passive voice; conjunction-correlative; verbals-participle, infinitive, gerund, verbal phrases with modifiers, functions as different parts of speech

Sentence Structure:

Review all from Grade 7 plus the following new material: dependent clause-adjective clause

Mechanics:

Capitalization; punctuation; spelling

Usage:

Review of all from Grade 7

Writing Skills:

Review of all from Grade 7 plus the following new material: essay-thesis statement, outlining, introductory and concluding paragraphs

Examples of Writing Projects:

Description: travel brochure, character profile; Exposition: news story, business letter; Narration: autobiography, fable; Persuasion: debate script, print advertisement

Study & Reference Skills:

Review of all from Grade 7 plus the following new material: dictionary-usage label

Writing & Grammar Grade 9

Parts of Speech (and Verbals):

Review of all from Grade 8 plus the following new material: noun-collective; verb-indicative and imperative moods; adjective-determiner; adverb-qualifier, relative; preposition-phrasal; conjunction-subordinating; verbals-verbal phrases with objects

Sentence Structure:

Review all from Grade 8 plus the following new material: dependent clause-adverb clause; clause structure-compound-complex

Mechanics:

Capitalization; punctuation; spelling

Usage:

Review all from Grade 8 plus the following new material: modifier placement-misplaced modifier, two-way modifier, dangling modifier

Writing Skills:

Review of all from Grade 8 plus the following new material: paragraph development-comparison/contrast; style-conciseness, smoothness, fresh words; sentence patterns, sentence beginnings; sentence expansion and reduction-dependent clauses, phrases, single words; sentence-logic-misplaced and dangling modifiers; parallelism; avoiding biased language

Examples of Writing Projects:

Description: comparison/contrast paper; Exposition: five-paragraph research essay, storyboard (public service announcement); Narration: personal experience; Persuasion: devotional; Poetry: quatrain, diamante

Study & Reference Skills:

Review of all from Grade 8 plus the following new material: dictionary-inflected forms, variant spellings, field label, stylistic label; library-Cutter number; reference tools, New York Times Index, subject index, yearbook, Bible commentary; reading comprehension-comparison and context; test-taking strategies-analogy

Writing & Grammar Grade 10

Parts of Speech (and Verbals):

Review of all from Grade 9 plus the following new material: verb-subjunctive mood; pronoun-indefinite, relative, reciprocal; adverb-conjunctive; verbals-perfect gerund, passive infinitive

Sentence Structure:

Review all from Grade 9 plus the following new material: sentence patterns-S-be-Advl, S-TrV-DO-OC; dependent clause-noun clause

Mechanics:

Capitalization; punctuation; appendix of spelling rules

Usage:

Review all from Grade 9 plus the following new material: modifier placement-split infinitive

Writing Skills:

Review of all from Grade 9 plus the following new material: essay-choosing a mode; sentence variety and emphasis-choosing between constructions, coordination and subordination; sentence energy-action verbs, details, accuracy, figurative language; sentence logic-logical comparison, clear comparison, subject placement

Examples of Writing Projects:

Description: eyewitness report; Exposition: research essay, cause-and-effect essay; Narration: short story, oral anecdote; Persuasion: persuasive speech; Poetry: poetry and metaphor; Multimedia: webpage design

Study & Reference Skills:

Review of all from Grade 8 plus the following new material: library-website, bibliography, online databases; reading comprehension-grammatical context; test-taking strategies-essay questions

Writing & Grammar Grade 11

Parts of Speech (and Verbals):

Review of all from Grade 10 plus the following new material: verb-verb-adverb combinations; adverb-indefinite relative, interrogative; conjunction-phrasal subordinating; verbals-perfect participle, passive gerund, perfect infinitive, progressive infinitive, elliptical infinitive

Sentence Structure:

Review all from Grade 10 plus the following new material: sentence patterns-retained object in passive sentence

Mechanics:

Capitalization; punctuation; appendix of spelling rules

Usage:

Review all from Grade 10 plus the following new material: pronoun shift; verb tense consistency and sequence

Writing Skills:

Review of all from Grade 10 plus the following new material: paragraph organization-cause-and-effect order, comparison-and-contrast order; sentence energy-pauses for breath; parallelism-clarity; sentence logic-direct expression, logical predication, avoiding mixed constructions, using noun clauses when needed, ending in strength, linking with new information

Examples of Writing Projects:

Description: interview; Exposition: formal research paper, analytical essay, critical response to literature; Narration: narrative poem, folktale; Persuasion: letter to editor; Poetry: hymn

Study & Reference Skills:

Review of all from Grade 10 plus the following new material: reference tools-literary index, literary sources

Writing & Grammar Grade 12

Parts of Speech (and Verbals):

Review of all from Grade 11 plus the following new material: verbals-passive participle

Sentence Structure:

Review all from Grade 11 plus the following new material: absolute phrase

Mechanics:

Capitalization; punctuation; appendix of spelling rules

Usage:

Review all from Grade 11 plus the following new material: idiomatic use of prepositions

Writing Skills:

Review of all from Grade 11 plus the following new material: paragraph development-quotation, visual aid

Examples of Writing Projects:

Description: descriptive essay, comparison/contrast essay; Exposition: research report, response to a dramatic scene (literary analysis); Narration: dramatic scene, interior monologue; Persuasion: pursuasive essay; Poetry: sonnet; Multimedia: video report

Study & Reference Skills:

Review of all from Grade 11

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