Scope and Sequence of Elementary Science

Science 1

General Science

Science, scientists, the five senses, STEM: the engineering design process (ask, imagine, plan, make, make better, share), a scientist’s worldview, process skills (observe, classify, measure, infer, predict, communicate) science tools (hand lens, ruler, measuring cup/beaker, balance scale, thermometer), the scientific method (problem, hypothesis, materials, procedure, observations, conclusions)

Life Science

Plants

Living things, nonliving things, needs of plants (light, air, water, dirt, space), ways people use plants, result of sin, parts of plants (roots, stems, leaves, flowers), life cycle (seed, seedling, adult plant), parents and young

Animals

Environment, needs of animals (air, water, food, shelter, space), classifying animals (fish, birds, mammals), parts of animals, life cycle (robin), parents and their offspring, result of sin

Our Bodies

The Human Body

Animals and people (similarities and differences), parts outside (head, arms, legs), parts inside (bones, muscles, heart, lungs, brain, stomach)

Care for the Human Body

Be kind to others (in words and actions), healthy habits (for a strong body, to keep germs away, to keep germs away from others, for strong teeth), safe habits (at play, in the car, at home, in the community)

Earth-Space Science

The Earth and Its Lights

Beginnings, earth’s rotation, sun (characteristics, path), stars (characteristics, star pictures), moon (characteristics, path, phases)

Seasons

Earth’s revolution and tilt, cycle of seasons, characteristics of winter, spring, summer, fall

Weather

Temperature, wind, the water cycle (clouds, rain, sleet, hail, snow), what a meteorologist is and does

Physical Science

Light Energy

Beginnings of light, natural or manmade light, light and objects (transparent, translucent, opaque), shadows, characteristics (illuminates, how light travels)

Sound Energy

How sound is made, how sound moves, sound and matter, how sound is heard, how sound changes (volume, pitch)

Communicating with Light and Sound

Around home, around school, around the community; additional worldview learning

Science 2

General Science

What Science Is

Science, scientists, importance of science, a scientist’s worldview, science inquiry skills (observe, classify, measure, infer, predict, communicate), science tools (hand lens, ruler, beaker, thermometer, balance), scientific method (problem, hypothesis, materials, procedure, observations, conclusions), STEM: the engineering design process (ask, imagine, plan, make, test and make better, share)

Physical Science

What Matter Is

Origin of matter, describing matter, properties of matter (color, shape, size, temperature, hardness, texture, ability to sink or float), classifying by property, states of matter (solid, liquid, gas)

How Matter Changes

Temperature and matter, solids to liquids, liquids to gases, gases to liquids, liquids to solids, changing matter (reversible/irreversible, bend/break, mixture), combining matter

How Matter Moves

Force (push/pull, cause/effect), motion (direction, cause/effect), speed (cause/effect), origin of force, kinds of force (friction, gravity, magnetism)

Earth-Space Science

How the Earth Moves

Solar system (origin, planets), Earth (shape, globe as a model), rotation (axis, day/night, sunrise/sunset), revolution (orbit, seasons)

What Makes Up the Earth

Earth’s surface (water, land), inside the earth (studying the earth, geologist, layers of the earth), weathering (water, ice, wind, plants), erosion (wind, water, erosion control), the earth’s moving surface (volcanoes, earthquakes)

What Natural Resources Are

Natural resources (air, water, soil, plants, animals, fossil fuels), pollution, natural resource products (from water, soil, plants, animals, fossil fuels), The Three Rs (reuse, reduce, recycle)

Life Science

How Plants Grow and Change

Living things, nonliving things, plant needs (water, air, soil, light, space), the Fall and plants, parts of plants (roots, stems, leaves, flowers), life cycle (seed and its parts, seedling, adult plant), how seeds travel (air, water, animals)

How Animals Grow and Change

Needs of animals (air, water, food, space, shelter), changes animals make to where they live (by storing food, building shelters), classifying animals (with backbones: fish, birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles; without backbones: insects, spiders), how animals grow and change, parents and their offspring, life cycle (butterfly, frog), food chain (predator and prey, results of sin)

Where Things Live

Populations, communities, water habitats (ocean, pond, wetland), land habitats (rainforest, woodland forest, desert, savanna, tundra), changing habitats (animals, plants, wildfires, people)

What Fossils Show Us

Creation or evolution, fossils, kinds of fossils (petrified, mold, cast, amber, trace, frozen), plant fossils, insect fossils, dinosaur fossils, dinosaurs (Stegosaurus, Tyrannosaurus rex), end of dinosaurs

How the Human Body Works

Body systems (skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, nervous, digestive), food, exercise

Science 3

General Science

Process skills, science tools, scientific method

Earth Science

Earth

Rocks: how they form (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic), weathering; Minerals: uses, characteristics of minerals; Soil: layers of soil, humus; Weather: atmosphere, temperature, precipitation, water cycle, weather instruments (rain gauge, weather vane, anemometer), drought, clouds, wind, meteorologist, weather forecast, storms (tornado, hurricane, blizzard)

Space

Solar system: the sun, planets, asteroids and dwarf planets; constellations, astronomers, telescopes

Life Science

Living Things

Cold-blooded animals: fish, amphibians, reptiles; Warm-blooded animals: birds, mammals; instincts and learned behaviors; Plants: parts, photosynthesis, chloroplasts, chlorophyll, stomata, uses; Ecosystems: characteristics of living things, environment, population, community, habitats, producers, consumers, decomposers, herbivores, omnivores, carnivores, food chains, food webs, predator, prey, changes in ecosystems, resources, balancing ecosystems; Cells: microscope, cell sizes and shapes, one-celled living things, parts of cells, tissues, organs, systems

Human Body

Ear: parts of the ear, how sound travels through the ear; Skin: epidermis, dermis, characteristics of skin, melanin, fingerprints, nerves, blood vessels, sweat glands, pores, oil glands, skin care

Physical Science

Motion

Motion: forces, friction, gravity, weight, magnetism, motion, work, energy, kinds of energy

Energy

Sound: vibrations, causes, sound waves, speed of sound through matter, reflected sound waves, echoes, absorbing sound waves, characteristics of sound (pitch, volume, quality), using sound

Matter

Matter: properties of matter, mass, balance, volume, graduated containers, states of matter (solid, liquid, gas), changing states of matter (evaporation, condensation), properties of water, physical changes, mixtures, chemical changes

Science 4

General Science

Process skills, science tools, and scientific method

Earth Science

Earth

Changes on the earth: volcanoes, earthquakes, frost, action, abrasion, weathering, erosion, deposition, landslides, avalanches; Landforms: deltas, dunes, glaciers; Soil: formation, conservation; Natural resources: renewable resources (soil, water, trees, conservation, pollution, hydroelectric energy, wind energy, solar energy), nonrenewable resources (fossil fuels); reduce, reuse, recycle; Water and oceans: water cycle, tides, waves, deep ocean currents, surface currents, ocean floor, ocean depths, ocean creatures

Space

Moon: shape and size, atmosphere and temperature, mass and gravity, light, features (maria, mountains, craters, rilles), revolution, rotation, phases, eclipses; History of the moon: man's theories, science, age of the moon

Life Science

Living Things

Insects: arthropods, body parts, protection, ways of eating, life cycles, metamorphosis, social insects; Spiders: webs, getting food; Plants: flowering plants, parts of a flower, pollination, seeds, seed dispersal, seed parts, plant life cycle, reproduction, methods of classification; Ecosystems: environment, basic needs, resources, competition, partnerships, migration, hibernation, changes, pollution; Animal defenses: adaptations (camouflage, mimicry), protection (armor & horns)

Human Body

Eyes: parts of the eye, path of light through the eye, vision correction; Digestive system: digestive tract and digestive process; Nutrition: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, healthy diet planning; Skeletal-muscular system: skeleton, parts of bones, marrow, joints, ligaments, cartilage, muscles, injuries

Physical Science

Motion

Motion and machines: forces, friction, work, simple machines (levers, pulleys, wheels and axles, inclined planes, screws, wedges)

Energy

Electricity: positive charges, negative charges, static electricity, current electricity, conductors, insulators, resistors, series circuits, parallel circuits; Magnetism: magnetic field, uses of magnets, electromagnets, generators; Light: sources of light, speed of light, transparent, translucent, opaque, shadows, visible spectrum, reflection, refraction, lens

Matter

Measuring matter: length, volume, mass, weight

Science 5

General Science

Process skills, science tools, scientific method

Earth Science

Earth

Layers of the earth: characteristics of the core, mantle, and crust; Soil: weathering, erosion, how soil is formed; Minerals: characteristics of minerals; uses of gems, metals, and other minerals; mining; Rocks: formation of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; Fossils: contrasting Creation and evolution; Genesis Flood; fossil formation; excavating and restoring fossils; dating and interpreting fossils; Layers of the atmosphere: characteristics of the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere, and ozone layer; Weather: air; air pressure; temperature; air masses and fronts; winds; precipitation; clouds; storms; tornadoes; hurricanes; weather instruments; reading weather maps

Space

Space technology: regulating heat in spacecraft

Life Science

Living Things

Dinosaurs: fossil evidence; extinction; Biomes: characteristics; plant and animal life in the tundra, coniferous forest, deciduous forest, grasslands, desert, tropical rainforest, mountains, marine and freshwater biomes, wetlands; Ecosystems: environment; population; habitat; food chain; food web; predator and prey; energy pyramid; competition; adaptation; migration; hibernation; symbiosis; instincts; learned behaviors; cycles (seasons, carbon, nitrogen, water); stresses (fires, floods, droughts, man-made); succession ; native and invasive species; extinction; endangered species

Human Body

Respiratory system: nose; pharynx; larynx; vocal cords; trachea; bronchi; lungs; inhaling; exhaling; breathing muscles; asthma and other breathing difficulties; dangers of smoking; Circulatory system: heart; arteries; veins; capillaries; blood cells; blood types; donation blood; excretory system

Physical Science

Energy

Heat: potential and kinetic energy; thermal energy; temperature; changing states of matter; thermal expansion; conduction; convection; radiation; fuel; unwanted heat; applications to space technology; Sound: sound waves; frequency; speed; pitch; volume; timbre; echoes; ultrasound; music; acoustics; Light: electromagnetic waves; properties of waves; visible spectrum; refraction; reflection; colors; mirrors; lasers; electromagnetic spectrum

Matter

Measuring matter: volume; mass; weight; density; States of matter: solids, liquids, and gases; Physical changes: melting, freezing, vaporization, boiling, evaporation, condensation; Atoms and molecules: identifying atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds; Mixtures: evenly and unevenly mixed mixtures; characteristics of solutions

Science 6

General Science

Process skills, science tools, scientific method

Earth Science

Earth

Earthquakes: faults, causes, recording and interpreting data from earthquakes ; Volcanoes: causes, locations, classifying by shape and eruption, effects and products of volcanoes; Weathering and erosion: types and examples of mechanical and chemical weathering, agents of erosion, types of erosion; Soil: particles and texture of soil, formation, horizons; Natural resources: renewable and nonrenewable energy resources (fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydroelectric energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, solar energy), minerals, metals, soil conservation, water, reduce, reuse, recycle

Space

Stars: magnitude, size, distances between, kinds of stars, constellations, star groups, asteroids, meteoroids, comets, telescopes, spectroscopes; Solar system: parts of the sun, solar storms, seasons, the planets, dwarf planets, eclipses, space exploration, satellites, probes

Life Science

Living Things

Cells and classification: characteristics of living things, cell theory, tissues, organs, systems, cell reproduction, six kingdoms of classification, scientific names, microscopes; Animal classification: invertebrate phyla (Porifera, Cnidaria, echinoderms, mollusks, worms, arthropods), vertebrates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals); Plant classification: nonvascular plants (mosses and liverworts), seedless vascular plants (ferns, horsetails, and club mosses), gymnosperms, angiosperms, parts of a plant; Plant and Animal Reproduction: parts of a lower, pollination and fertilization, types of fruit, seeds, spores, asexual reproduction, gestation, placental and marsupial mammals, eggs, parental care; Genetics: heredity, traits, DNA structure, Mendel's experiments, dominant and recessive genes, Punnett squares, genetic disorders and diseases, genetic engineering

Human Body

Nervous system: central nervous system, the brain, the peripheral nervous system, neurons, reflexes, the five senses, memory, sleep, disorders, drug abuse, endocrine system; Immune system: communicable and noncommunicable diseases, pathogens, vectors, epidemics, nonspecific responses, the immune response, functions of white blood cells, immunity, antibiotics, antibodies, autoimmune diseases, allergies, transfusions and transplants, immune deficiencies

Physical Science

Motion

Motion and machines: velocity, acceleration, momentum, Newton's laws of motion, work, simple machines (levers, pulleys, wheel and axle, inclined planes, wedges, screws), compound machines

Energy

Electricity: static and current electricity, types of circuits, measuring electricity, batteries, magnetism, electronics, integrated circuits, computers

Matter

Chemistry: parts of an atom, atomic theory, classifying elements, periodic table of the elements, compounds, chemical formulas, chemical reactions, atomic bonds, acids and bases

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