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Scope and Sequence of Little Learners

Pathways for Preschool

Circle Time: In the Big Red Barn

Large-group activity; Language and vocabulary skills

Prereading: A-B-C Time

Print awareness; Letter recognition; Auditory discrimination

Prereading: Colors Are Fun!

Color recognition

Prereading: Rhyme Time

Language expression; Auditory discrimination; Dramatizations

Listening and Literature: Once Upon a Time

Tales in the Barnyard stories; Read-aloud suggestions; Listening skills and visual memory

Premath: 1, 2, 3, Go!

Counting and number recognition; Sorting and sequencing

Premath: Look Up, Look Down

Opposites and positional words

Premath: Show Me a Shape

Shape recognition; Large motor-skill development; Following directions; Creative movement

Environment: Let’s Discover!

Science and observation skills; Hands-on learning

Arts: Let’s Create!

Creative expression; Hand-eye coordination

Music: Sing with Me

Singing and listening; Moving and playing

Motor: A Hop, Skip, and a Jump

Social interaction

Social: Happy Habits

Manners, habits, and social training

Cooking: Yummy in My Tummy

Cooking and following directions; Sensory and language experiences

Footsteps for Fours

Prereading

Language acquisition and development; Recognition of alphabet letters; Phonemic awareness of alphabet sounds /a/ to /z/; Letter-sound recognition of medial short-vowel sounds; initial and final consonants; Optional beginning reading strand for eager learners

Listening and Literature

Traditional literature; realistic and fanciful prose and poetry; nursery rhymes; Vocabulary development and enrichment; Auditory memory; sound by direction, pitch, tempo, and volume; rhyming words; Listening questions to develop comprehension; Dictation of group writing experiences; sentence completions; story sequencing

Handwriting

Correct posture, pencil hold, and paper placement; Prewriting skills; finger tracing and pencil tracking of left-to-right, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, zig-zag, and curved lines; Uppercase and lowercase PreCursive alphabet; numbers 0–12

Mathematics

Number recognition 0–20; counting to 100; shape recognition; pattern sequencing; color sequencing; Calendar, clock, coins, measurement, dot patterns, number sets, number line, ordinals, fractions; Position words

Social Studies

Concepts of God’s plan for the child and his family; Patriotism, patriotic symbols, holidays; Community helpers, transportation

Science

Environment: seasonal changes of plants and animals; animal families and animal homes; Hands-on: experiments, cooking, weather, space, and magnets

Art

Art suggestions and craft activities correlated with unit themes

Motor

Fine and gross motor development activities; games, action rhymes, and action songs

Music

Songs, rhymes, and musical games; Additional music strand to complement lessons through movement, rhythm instruments, retelling of stories, games, and songs

Focus on Fives

Language Arts

Prereading

Print awareness: left-to-right eye progression; visual discrimination; visual memory; Reasoning; classifying; sequencing size and shape relationships; Rhyming; awareness of author; picture reading; Listening comprehension; Comparing; Following directions; perceiving concepts, such as up/down, hard/soft; Alphabet recognition: phonemic awareness

Phonics and Word Perception

Units 1–3: Letter-sound association—consonants and short vowels; words with closed syllable phonograms (examples: _it, _at); plural words with s and es; compound words; possessive words; Units 4–6: Letter-sound association—consonant blends and digraphs, long vowels; r-influenced vowels; special vowel combinations; vowel patterns for long vowels (examples: _oke, _o, _oat)

Early Reading Skills

Comprehension; Predicting outcomes; answering questions after silent reading; sequencing events; developing vocabulary; Perceiving relationships; distinguishing reality from fantasy; Matching words and pictures; matching sentences and pictures; reading short stories; Oral communication and oral reading; Discussion; action rhymes; pantomime; retelling stories; reading phonics stories orally

Composition

Dictating sentence ideas for individual composition; completing sentence starters

Handwriting

Letter formation; principles of slant; alignment; spacing; pencil hold; posture

Related Arts

Art

Drawing; painting; making crafts to match the unit themes of the lessons (examples: puppets, papier-mâché pig)

Motor Skills

Encouraging fine-motor skills through prewriting activities, fingerplays, cooking and Learning Center activities, and student activity worksheets; Developing gross-motor skills during simple games and group activities

Music

Traditional and piggyback songs; music games

Heritage Studies

Geography: US landmarks; history: Native Americans, colonial life; culture: families, community helpers, Hispanic culture, Bible times, farming, American celebrations

Science

Appreciating God’s creation; Learning about birds, bugs, magnets, seasons, water, human bodies, weather, rocks, oceans, sun, moon, plants, and animals; Experiencing hands-on activities

Reading

Word Recognition

Application of phonics concepts presented in K5 phonics lessons; Readers 1–16—short vowels, single consonants; Readers 17–34—short vowels, consonant blends and digraphs, long vowels, r-influenced vowels, special vowels; Word families; high-frequency words; compound words; words with suffixes

Comprehension

Picture reading; Questioning to develop higher-order thinking skills; Predict text; make inferences; draw conclusions; predict outcomes; Compare; sequence events; follow directions

Vocabulary

Meaning from context

Literature

Read a variety of genres: family stories, informational articles, fanciful animal stories, poetry, Bible accounts, and realistic fiction; Distinguish reality from fantasy

Silent Reading

Reading for specific information; reading for author’s message

Oral Reading

Communicate message of the author; communicate in a natural manner; Portray a character; Respond to punctuation: period, exclamation point, question mark, quotation marks

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