Scope and Sequence of Literature

Explorations in Literature

Approach

Thematic

Organization

 Six themes: courage, nature and man, generosity, our land, humility, family

Content

Genres represented: fables, drama, poetry, hymns, Scripture, short story, biography, autobiographical accounts, historical essays, essays; Cultures represented: American, English, Russian, New Zealand

Features

The book contains introductory essays that acquaint the student with the unit themes. Selections within each of the units require reading with discernment, a goal toward which all literature teachers hope to direct their students. "Thinking Zone" question pages introduce students to terms and concepts used in literary analysis. Questions progress from literal to interpretative to critical to appreciative and guide the students in evaluating the literature and applying the associated concepts. Unit Review pages ask questions about key terms and concepts. The text also includes short biographical sketches of individual authors.

Excursions in Literature

Approach

Thematic

Organization

 Six themes: friends, choices, heroes, discoveries, adventurers, viewpoints

Content

Genres represented: short fiction, novel, drama, poetry, hymns, folktale, personal essay, humorous essay, diary; Cultures represented: American, English, French, New Zealand, Japanese, Norwegian, Cuban, Chinese, Irish, Czech, Greek, Burmese, South African, German, Dutch, Yiddish, Polish

Features

The book contains introductory essays that acquaint the student with the unit themes. Selections within each of the units require reading with discernment, a goal toward which all literature teachers hope to direct their students. "Thinking Zone" question pages introduce students to terms and concepts used in literary analysis. Questions progress from literal to interpretative to critical to appreciative and guide the students in evaluating the literature and applying the associated concepts. Unit Review pages ask questions about key terms and concepts. The text also includes short biographical sketches of individual authors.

Fundamentals of Literature

Approach

Critical

Organization

 Six unit divisions: conflict, theme, character, structure, point of view, moral tone

Content

Range of selections: classic to contemporary; Genres represented: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, drama; Cultures represented: American, English, French, Russian, Swedish, Japanese; Supplementary material: Cyrano de Bergerac (video)

Features

The introductory essays focus on six basic elements of literature. These elements lay the foundation for the student's understanding of interpretative literature and prepare him for the more detailed literary analysis in the tenth-grade text. In addition, the text uses Scripture passages to illustrate and clarify literary concepts. The unit introduction, as well as the headnotes and end questions for each story, encourages the student to use the information gleaned from reading to find meaning in light of Scripture, and to apply the lessons of life.

Elements of Literature

Approach

Critical

Organization

 Eight units divided into two parts: marks and modes of literature and genres of literature

Content

Marks and modes of literature: imaginative comparison, sound and syntax, allusion and symbol, irony; Genres of Literature: folktale and epic, essay and short story, poetry, drama

Features

This textbook builds on the critical foundation provided in the ninth-grade text. Having mastered the six fundamental components of literature, students are ready to focus on those literary elements that define and distinguish lasting artistic literature. Introductory essays, "Thinking Zones" and critical thinking questions deepen students' understanding of key elements of style and expression as well as major forms important to past and present literature. A firm grasp of these details will aid in developing essential skills in literary analysis and appreciation, skills that can be profitably applied to a study of Scripture. In addition, careful evaluation of worldview as expressed in an author's writing trains students to exercise biblically based moral discernment.

American Literature

Approach

Historical

Organization

Five major literary divisions: early American literature, American romanticism, American realism and naturalism, modern American literature, contemporary American literature

Content

Early American literature: settlement, religious experience, revolution; American romanticism: minor romantics (Knickerbockers, New England School), major romantics (transcendental optimists, transcendental pessimists), voices of conflict; American realism and naturalism: regionalists, realists and naturalists; Modern American literature: modern poetry, modern prose and drama; Contemporary American literature: contemporary poetry, contemporary prose

Features

The units are arranged according to major literary periods. Timelines, unit and chapter introductions, author biographies, and brief headnotes help students build necessary background knowledge of the historical and cultural context from which a literary work arises.

A before-reading page precedes each selection and introduces students to three reading tasks: analyzing a work for its technical features, employing a reading strategy to aid comprehension, and evaluating a work’s ideas from a biblical worldview. These three tasks help students develop critical-thinking skills and a deep understanding of the ideas and writings of literary and historical figures.

During-reading questions, which appear throughout each selection in the margin, guide students through the three reading tasks.

After reading, students answer Think and Discuss questions, many of which require them to demonstrate a high level of understanding of the concepts traced throughout their reading and lesson.

British Literature

Approach

Historical survey emphasizing close reading skills

Organization

Five major literary divisions: the Middle Ages, the English Renaissance, Civil War to Enlightenment, Romanticism to Victorianism, Modern and Contemporary Literature

Content

This historical approach to a survey of British literature is organized according to five major units:

The Middle Ages—Part 1: Heroes of Old; Part 2: Literature and Community; and Part 3: Changing Society

The English Renaissance—Part 1: Renaissance Humanism; Part 2: Reformation and National Identity; Part 3: Lyric and Metaphysical Poetry; and Part 4: Renaissance Drama

Civil War to Enlightenment—Part 1: Civil War and Restoration; Part 2: Early Neoclassical Writers; Part 3: Age of Johnson; and Part 4: Voices from the Outside

Romanticism to Victorianism—Part 1: Signs of Change; Part 2: The Major Romantics; Part 3: Early Victorians; and Part 4: Late Victorians

Modern and Contemporary Literature—Part 1: Modern Literature and Part 2: Postwar and Commonwealth Literature

Features

The units are arranged according to major literary periods. Timelines, unit and part introductions, author biographies, and brief headnotes help students build necessary background knowledge of the historical and cultural context from which a literary work arises.

A before-reading page precedes each selection and introduces students to three reading tasks: analyzing a work for its technical features, employing a reading strategy to aid comprehension, and either evaluating a work’s ideas from a biblical worldview or creating a new work using the selection as a model. These tasks help students develop writing skills, critical-thinking skills, and a deep understanding of the ideas of important literary and historical figures.

During-reading questions, which appear throughout each selection in the margin, guide students through the three reading tasks.

Discussion questions, which students answer after reading, require them to demonstrate a high level of understanding of the work’s literary concepts and themes.

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