Scope and Sequence of English

Phonics & English 1

Phonics & English 1

Prewriting Skills

Interpreting pictures, matching sounds with pictures, print awareness

Listening

Listening enjoyment: songs, stories, poems, nursery rhymes; Listening comprehension: interpreting information, listening for facts and details, following directions, making critical judgments, making application, identifying a main idea

Oral Communication

Taking part in songs, discussions, action rhymes, dialogs, recitations, retelling stories; Dictating a word, a phrase, or a sentence; describing an experience; sharing ideas; Collaborative conversations: pairshare, small group discussions, class discussions, asking and answering questions

Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

Using auditory and visual discrimination as well as letter-sound association for each of the 44 English sounds and their variant spellings; Identifying consonant blends and digraphs, short and long vowel patterns, diphthongs, r-influenced vowels; Recognizing rhyming words; Recognizing hard and soft c, hard and soft g, the silent consonant patterns; Recognizing open and closed syllables; Decoding 130 phonograms or word families; Developing word recognition skills

Vocabulary

Determining meaning from context; Synonyms, antonyms, compound words, contractions, analogies

Structural Analysis

Counting syllables, syllable division; prefixes, suffixes, suffix rules

Study Skills

Using alphabetical order, following directions; reading a color key

Written Communication

Sentences: Complete thought, completing a sentence, writing a sentence; sentence parts (subject part, verb part); Paragraphs: topic, topic sentence, details; completing the five-step writing process; Genre: narrative, informative piece, poem, thank-you note; Journaling

Grammar, Mechanics, and Usage

Capitalization: beginning of a sentence; proper nouns; Punctuation: end of a sentence (period, question mark, exclamation point); commas; apostrophe in contractions and possessive nouns; Parts of speech: nouns, verbs (action and linking), adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions; Sentences: subject-verb agreement

Reading for Comprehension

Reading phrases and sentences with comprehension

English 2

English 2

Parts of Speech

Noun: common, proper, singular, plural, collective, possessive; Verb: action; linking; helping— has, have; present and past tenses; regular and certain irregular verbs; Pronoun; Adjective; Adverb

Sentence Structure

Sentence: fragment, run-on sentence, combining sentences, expanding sentences; Sentence parts: subject part, subject, predicate part; Sentence types: statement, question, command, exclamation

Conventions

Capitalization: proper nouns, titles, abbreviations, initials, book titles; Punctuation: period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, apostrophe

Usage

Pronoun reference, contractions, subject-verb agreement

Writing Skills & Support

Shared writing; Independent writing; Paragraph development; Writing process: plan, draft, revise, proofread, publish; Writing traits: ideas, organization, word choice, conventions; Using a dictionary; Using a thesaurus; Conferencing with teacher and peer; Graphic organizers: word web, time-order chart, senses chart, note cards; Using a rubric for self-assessment

Writing Projects

Poetry: Hebrew poem, couplet, shape poem; Personal story, friendly letter, instructions, opinion paragraph about a book, research report

Study and Reference Skills

Reference skills: parts of a book: title, page, table of contents; library: fiction, nonfiction, biography; information sources: encyclopedia, dictionary, atlas, magazine, DVD; electronic card catalog; computer: safety/etiquette, keyword search; Dictionary skills: alphabetical order, guide word, entry word, definition, sample sentence; Study skills: listening: following directions, listening strategies, identifying facts and details; taking notes

Listening and Speaking Skills

Listening skills: following directions, listening strategies, identifying facts and details; Speaking skills: audio recordings, collaborative conversations, reading orally

English 3

English 3

Parts of Speech

Noun: common, proper, singular, plural, possessive, abstract, collective; Verb: action; linking; helping; present, past, and future tenses; irregular verbs; Pronoun: subject, object, possessive, singular, plural, courtesy order; Adjective; Adverb; Preposition

Sentence Structure

Sentence: fragment, run-on sentence, compound sentence; Sentence parts: complete subject, complete predicate, simple subject, simple predicate; Sentence types: declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory; Diagramming; combining sentences; expanding sentences

Conventions

Capitalization: proper nouns, titles, abbreviations, initials, book titles; Punctuation: period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, apostrophe

Usage

Pronoun reference; contractions; subject-verb agreement

Writing Skills & Support

Shared writing; Independent writing; Paragraph development; Writing process: plan, draft, revise, proofread, publish; Writing traits: ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions, presentation; Writing conference with teacher and peer; Graphic organizers: opinion chart, word web, time-order chart, story map, paragraph model, note cards; Checklist for self-assessment; Rubric for summative assessment; Proofreading marks to improve writing and make corrections; Using a thesaurus

Writing Projects

Informative/explanatory: game instructions, research report; Opinion: book review, persuasive essay; Narrative: friendly letter; Poetry: sound poem; Journal and reflection activities

Study & Research Skills

Reference skills: parts of a book, using the library; Non-print sources: internet, electronic catalog, videos; Study skills: taking notes, internet safety, keyword search

Listening, Speaking & Viewing Skills

Listening skills: collaborative discussions, think-pair-share, active listening stories; Speaking skills: reading orally, presenting reports; Viewing skills: visual analysis, image brainstorm; Presentations: oral report with visual display, audio recording, video recording

Biblical Worldview

Communication in relation to Creation, Fall, Redemption using the themes of friendship, authority, work, celebration, and people

English 4

English 4

Parts of Speech

Noun: common, proper, singular, plural, possessive, abbreviation, as a subject, object, and predicate noun; Verb: action, linking, helping, present, past and future tenses; Pronoun: subject, object, possessive; Adjective: article, predicate, adjective; Adverb; Preposition;

Sentence Structure

Sentence, fragment, run-on sentence, compound sentence; Sentence Parts: complete subject, complete predicate, simple subject, simple predicate; Compound subjects; Compound predicates; Clauses: independent, dependent; Introductory phrases; Prepositional phrases; Diagramming

Conventions

Capitalization: proper nouns, titles, abbreviations; Punctuation: period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, apostrophe

Usage

Homophones; Pronoun reference; Contractions; Often-confused verbs; Double negatives; Prefixes; Suffixes; Subject/verb agreement

Writing Skills & Support

Shared writing; Independent writing; Paragraph development; Writing process: plan, draft, revise, proofread, publish; Writing traits: ideas, organization, word choice, conventions; Writing conference with teacher and peer; Graphic organizers: character web, events/details chart, opinion chart, outline, plot pyramid, T-chart, time-order chart, Venn diagram, word web; Rubric for self-assessment; Proofreading marks to improve writing and make corrections; Using a dictionary; Using a thesaurus

Writing Projects

Poetry: Haiku, Acrostic poem; Personal narrative, friendly letter, instructions, compare-contrast essay, book review, tall tale, research report, business letter

Study and Reference Skills

Reference Skills: parts of a book, title page, table of contents, glossary; Library: electronic catalog, encyclopedia, atlas, periodicals; Dictionary Skills: alphabetical order, guide words, parts of an entry, multiple definitions; Study Skills: taking notes, outline

Listening and Speaking Skills

Speaking Skill: read a narrative aloud

English 5

English 5

Parts of Speech

Noun: common, proper, singular, plural, possessive, abbreviation, as a subject, object, and predicate noun; Verb: action, linking, helping, present, future and perfect tenses; Pronoun: subject, object, possessive, reflexive; Adjective: article, demonstrative, proper, predicate adjective; Adverb; Preposition; Conjunction: coordinating, subordinating

Sentence Structure

Sentence: simple, compound, complex, fragment, subjects and predicates; Sentence types: declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory; Compound subjects; Compound predicates; Clauses: independent, dependent; Phrases: introductory, prepositional; Diagramming; Basic sentence patterns

Conventions

Capitalization: proper nouns, abbreviations, titles, initials; Punctuation: period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, apostrophe

Usage

Homophones; Pronoun reference; Subject/verb agreement; Contractions; Prefixes; Suffixes

Writing Skills & Support

Shared writing; Independent writing; Paragraph development; Writing process: plan, draft, revise, proofread, publish; Writing traits: ideas, organization, word choice, conventions; Writing conference with teacher and peer; Graphic organizers: T-chart, Venn diagram, opinion chart, planning chart for book review, time-order chart, word web, action map; Rubric for self-assessment; Proofreading marks to improve writing and make corrections; Using a dictionary; Using a thesaurus

Writing Projects

Poetry: diamante, sense poem; Compare-contrast essay, persuasive business letter, personal narrative, book review, research report, imaginative instructions, play

Study and Reference Skills

Reference Skills: parts of a book, title page, table of contents, index, glossary, bibliography, encyclopedia, periodicals; Library: electronic catalog, atlas, almanac, textbook; Dictionary Skills: guide words, parts of an entry, multiple definitions, multiple entries (homographs); Study Skills: taking notes, outline

Listening and Speaking Skills

Speaking Skill: oral book review, presenting a play

English 6

English 6

Parts of Speech

Noun: common, proper, singular, plural, possessive, abbreviation, appositive, singular and plural possessive, as subjects, objects, and appositives; Verb: principal parts, simple tenses, perfect tenses; Pronoun: subject, object, possessive, reflexive, intensive, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, with antecedent; Adjective: article, proper, demonstrative, predicate adjective; Adverb: comparative, superlative; Preposition; Conjunction: coordinating, subordinating, interjection

Sentence Structure

Sentence: fragment; run-on; simple, compound, complex; declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory; Complete subject and predicate; Simple subject and predicate; Compound subjects and predicates; Dependent and independent clauses; Introductory prepositional phrases; Sentence patterns; Diagramming

Conventions

Capitalization: proper nouns, proper adjectives, abbreviations, titles, initials; Punctuation: period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, apostrophe

Usage

Homophones; Pronoun reference; Subject/verb agreement; Contractions; Often confused verbs; Double Negatives; Misplaced Modifiers; Prefixes; Suffixes

Writing Skills & Support

Shared writing; Independent writing; Paragraph development; Writing process: plan, draft, revise, proofread, publish; Writing traits: ideas, organization, word choice, conventions; Graphic organizers: events/details chart, persuasion chart, plot diagram, time-order chart, Venn diagram, word web; Rubric for self-assessment; Proofreading marks to improve writing and make corrections; Using a dictionary; Using a thesaurus; Avoiding propaganda tactics

Writing Projects

Shared writing; Independent writing; Paragraph Development; Poetry: Limerick, free verse; Personal narrative, newspaper editorial, instructions, research report, historical fiction, compare-contrast essay, cover letter

Study and Reference Skills

Reference Skills: parts of a book, title page, table of contents, index, glossary, bibliography; Dictionary Skills: guide words, parts of an entry, multiple definitions; Study Skills: taking notes, outlines

Listening and Speaking Skills

Speaking Skills: oral publishing for written instructions

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