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Scope and Sequence of Elementary Reading

Reading 1

Phonics and Word Recognition

Review and application of phonics concepts presented in Phonics and English 1; Word families; Consonant sounds: single, blends, digraphs, silent, soft and hard c and g; Vowel sounds: short, long, r-influenced, special; Open/closed syllables, syllable division; Service words

Vocabulary

Meaning from context; Synonyms; Antonyms; Prefixes; Suffixes; Analogies; Compound words; Contractions; Action words; Describing words; Naming words; Riddles; Bible words

Comprehension

Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels; Biblical truth; Interpret pictures, follow directions, sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution; Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes; True/false statements, size/spatial/time relationships, main idea; Punctuation, capitalization sentence sense, comparatives/superlatives

Literature

Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, fable, folktale, article, Bible account, missionary stories, drama; Character traits and motives, setting; Fanciful elements, similes; Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, onomatopoeia

Study Skills

Alphabetizing; Book parts: glossary; Calendar, color key, locate information, maps, diagrams

Fluency

Silent Reading: read for understanding, specific information, biblical truth, author's message; Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, language-like flow, communicate meaning, mood, portray characters, emotion, respond to punctuation

Composition

Describe a picture, an experience, an object, a place, and an event; Write a newspaper article, a letter, a journal entry, and poem; Complete a sentence and a story frame; Write a response to the theme of a story, an event from another point of view, and things learned about God

Reading 2

Phonics and Word Recognition

Re-teaching of phonics: a review of the forty—four sounds of English with many of the variant spellings; Open/closed syllables, counting syllables, syllable division, base words/prefixes/suffixes, VC/CV pattern, compound words, consonant + -le; Service words

Vocabulary

Meaning from context; Synonyms; Antonyms; Prefixes; Suffixes; Analogies; Compound words; Contractions

Comprehension

Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels; Biblical truth; Interpret pictures, follow directions, sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution; Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes; True/false statements, time/place relationships, relevant information, facts/opinions, main idea; Punctuation, capitalization, abbreviations, comparatives/superlatives, possessives, pronouns, action words, describing words

Literature

Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, fable, folktale, tall tale, article, Bible account, biography, drama, mystery; Main character, character development, motives, traits; Setting, plot, point of view, fanciful elements, idioms, imagery, similes, figurative language; Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, repetition, onomatopoeia, alliteration

Study Skills

Book parts: title, author, illustrator, contents, glossary; Alphabetizing, books of the Bible, calendar, recipe, poem stanzas, hymn stanzas, captions, headings, maps, diagrams, graphs, graphic organizers

Fluency

Silent Reading: read for understanding, specific information, biblical truth, author's message; Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, language-like flow, communicate meaning, mood, portray characters, emotion, respond to punctuation, convey dialogue

Composition

Writing in response to reading; Descriptions, personal experiences, poems; Alternate story ending

Reading 3

Phonics and Word Recognition

Phonics review, introduction of additional variant spellings; Syllable division: base words/prefixes/suffixes, VC/CV pattern, compound words, prefixes/suffixes, two-syllable words, words ending with -tion, consonants + le, schwa syllables; Service words review

Vocabulary

Meaning from context; Synonyms; Antonyms; Analogies; Compound words; Contractions

Comprehension

Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels; Biblical truth; Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution; Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes; Time/place relationships, relevant information, facts/opinions, main idea; Punctuation, capitalization, abbreviations, comparatives/superlatives, possessives, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives

Literature

Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, fable, folktale, tall tale, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, play, nonfiction, legend; Main character, character development, motives, traits; Setting, plot, point of view, fanciful elements, conflict, foreshadowing, fanciful elements; Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, onomatopoeia, alliteration, quatrains; Idioms: imagery, personification, metaphor, simile, humor, sarcasm, suspense

Study Skills

Book parts: contents, glossary; Encyclopedia, Bible concordance, cross-references, biographical dictionary, newspaper, classified ad; Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method; Calendar, maps, diagrams, graphs, timeline, schedule

Fluency

Silent Reading: read for understanding, specific information, biblical truth, author's message; Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, language-like flow, communicate meaning, mood, portray characters, emotion, respond to punctuation, choral reading

Composition

Poetry, simile, rhyming riddles, alliterative phrases; News article, classified ad, personal experience, journal entry, friendly letter, persuasive essay, descriptive paragraph; Story mapping, play writing, tall tale, research writing, decree/law, financial report

Reading 4

Word Recognition

Optional remedial phonics

Vocabulary

Meaning from context; Synonyms; Antonyms; Analogies; Greek and Latin roots; Multiple Meanings

Comprehension

Literal and higher-order levels; Sequence, classify, compare and contrastm cause and effect, problem and solution; Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes; Place/size/time relationships, relevant/irrelevant information, facts/opinion, main idea, dialect, discernment, sense of history; Biblical discernment and cultural awareness

Literature

Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, Christian fiction, mystery, biography, autobiography, narrative nonfiction, informational text, procedural text, proverbs, parables, psalm, Bible account, fantasy, folktale, fable, tall tale, myth, poetry, reader’s theater, play; Main character, character motives, traits, background, and development; Setting, plot, theme, cause and effect, climax, point of view, conflict, foreshadowing, irony, moral, mood, suspense, good/evil elements, humor, symbol, word play, main idea and supporting details, worldview; Imagery, personification, onomatopoeia, metaphor, simile, exaggeration, dialect, palindrome; Poetry: free verse, haiku, limerick, acrostic, shape poems; rhyme, rhythm

Study Skills

Glossary, dictionary, Bible concordance, Bible study, internet research; Maps, timelines, diagrams, graphs, charts, sidebars, captions, titles, subtitles/section titles

Fluency

Silent Reading: for information, entertainment, understanding, spiritual growth, author's message, biblical truth; Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, communicate mood and motive, portray characters, convey emotion, convey meaning of Scripture, voice inflection, volume and pacing

Composition

Metaphor, simile, haiku, limerick, acrostic, folktale ending, letter, journal entry, research writing, interview

Reading 5

Phonics and Word Recognition

Syllable division: accented syllables, primary/secondary accents, shift in accent, base words/prefixes/suffixes, schwa syllables; Optional remedial phonics

Vocabulary

Meaning from context; Synonyms; Antonyms; Analogies; Greek and Latin roots; Adverbs; Adjectives; Acronyms; Contractions

Comprehension

Emphasis on critical and appreciative levels; Biblical truth; Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution; Draw conclusions, predict/evaluate outcomes, make judgements, allegorical comparisons; Relevant/irrelevant information, facts/opinions, main idea, dialect, discernment, sense of history

Literature

Reading a variety of genres: fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, science fiction, fantasy, folktale, fables, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, legend, narrative, parable; Main and lesser characters, character motives, traits, growth, and change; Setting, plot, point of view, crisis, conflict, moral, mood, suspense, resolution, theme, symbols; Author biographies, allegorical setting, propaganda; Poetry: rhyme patterns, onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, enjambment; Idioms: imagery, figurative, language, metaphor, simile, hyperbole, allusion, understatement, humor

Study Skills

Glossary, index, dictionary, Bible study, card catalog, Dewey decimal system, atlas, captions, headlines, subheadings; Encyclopedia, Bible concordance, cross-references; Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method, outlining, paraphrasing, note taking, summarizing, topic sentence, listening strategy; Maps, diagrams, graphs, charts, timeline

Fluency

Silent Reading: for information, entertainment, understanding, spiritual growth, author's message, biblical truth; Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, communicate mood, motive, meaning, portray characters, convey emotion, voice expression, volume and rate

Composition

Book review, character sketch, writing in response to reading, brainstorming ideas; Plot, caption, dialogue, alliteration, assonance, simile, dialect; Fable, short story, parable, play, folktale, legend, modern realistic fiction; Biography, descriptive paragraph, note of apology, fact/opinion, journal entry, speech writing, a personal experience, friendly letter; Summary, writing directions/process, advertisement, news article, tables/charts, research writing

Reading 6

Phonics and Word Recognition

Syllable division and accented syllables review

Vocabulary

Vocabulary review and quizzes; Meaning from context; Synonyms; Antonyms; Prefixes; Suffixes; Analogies; Greek and Latin roots; Adverbs; Adjectives; Etymologies

Comprehension

Emphasis on critical and appreciative levels; Biblical truth; Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution; Draw conclusions, predict/evaluate outcomes, make judgements, interpret information; Relevant/irrelevant information, facts/opinions, main idea, discernment, sense of history

Literature

Reading a variety of genres: fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, folktale, fables, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, narrative; Main and lesser characters, character motives, traits, growth, and change, flat/round, dynamic/static characters, comparing and contrasting characters; Setting, plot, point of view, foreshadowing, flashback, tone, conflict, moral, mood, suspense, denouement, cliffhanger, resolution, open/closed endings, theme, symbolism, good/evil; Author biographies, propaganda, Caldecott and Newberry awards; Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, anaphora; Idioms: personification, exaggeration, hyperbole, allusion, understatement, sarcasm, irony, dialect

Study Skills

Glossary, encyclopedia, thesaurus, Bible study, catalog order, Dewey decimal system, non-print media, periodical guide, atlas, headlines, primary/secondary sources, Venn diagram, graphic organizers; Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method, outlining, paraphrasing, note taking, summarizing, topic sentence, listening strategy; Maps, diagrams, graphs, charts, timeline, tables

Fluency

Silent Reading: for information, entertainment, understanding, spiritual growth, author's message, Biblical truth; Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, communicate mood, motive, meaning, emotion, persuasive manner, interpret dialect, choral reading, voice expression, reading rate

Composition

Setting, plot, character sketch; Advertisement, article, predictions, summary, compare and contrast, charting, report, timeline, interview, research, brainstorming ideas; Short story, play, tall tale, Biblical fiction, devotional, radio broadcast, personal experience, humorous incident letter, opinion, thank you note, friendly letter, descriptive paragraph; Poem, riddles, haiku, cinquain, rhymes, choral reading; Devices of style, imagery, hyperbole, allusion, theme, irony, pun, point of view, figurative language

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