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Scope and Sequence of Elementary Reading

Reading 1
4th ed.

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Review and application of phonics concepts presented in Phonics and English 1
  • Word families
  • Consonant sounds: single, blends, digraphs, silent, soft and hard c and g
  • Vowel sounds: short, long, r-influenced, special
  • Open/closed syllables, syllable division
  • Service words

Vocabulary

  • Meaning from context
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Analogies
  • Compound words
  • Contractions
  • Action words
  • Describing words
  • Naming words
  • Riddles
  • Bible words

Comprehension

  • Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels
  • Biblical truth
  • Interpret pictures, follow directions, sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution
  • Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes
  • True/false statements, size/spatial/time relationships, main idea
  • Punctuation, capitalization sentence sense, comparatives/superlatives

Literature

  • Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, fable, folktale, article, Bible account, missionary stories, drama
  • Character traits and motives, setting
  • Fanciful elements, similes
  • Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, onomatopoeia

Study Skills

  • Alphabetizing
  • Book parts: glossary
  • Calendar, color key, locate information, maps, diagrams

Fluency

  • Silent Reading: read for understanding, specific information, biblical truth, author's message
  • Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, language-like flow, communicate meaning, mood, portray characters, emotion, respond to punctuation

Composition

  • Describe a picture, an experience, an object, a place, and an event
  • Write a newspaper article, a letter, a journal entry, and poem
  • Complete a sentence and a story frame
  • Write a response to the theme of a story, an event from another point of view, and things learned about God

Reading 2
3rd ed.

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Re-teaching of phonics: a review of the forty—four sounds of English with many of the variant spellings
  • Open/closed syllables, counting syllables, syllable division, base words/prefixes/suffixes, VC/CV pattern, compound words, consonant + -le

Vocabulary

  • Meaning from context
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Analogies
  • Compound words
  • Contractions

Comprehension

  • Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels
  • Biblical truth
  • Interpret pictures, follow directions, sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution
  • Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes
  • True/false statements, time/place relationships, relevant information, facts/opinions, main idea
  • Punctuation, capitalization, abbreviations, comparatives/superlatives, possessives, pronouns, action words, describing words

Literature

  • Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, fable, folktale, tall tale, article, Bible account, biography, drama, mystery
  • Main character, character development, motives, traits
  • Setting, plot, point of view, fanciful elements, idioms, imagery, similes, figurative language
  • Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, repetition, onomatopoeia, alliteration

Study Skills

  • Book parts: title, author, illustrator, contents, glossary
  • Alphabetizing, books of the Bible, calendar, recipe, poem stanzas, hymn stanzas, captions, headings, maps, diagrams, graphs, graphic organizers

Fluency

  • Silent Reading: read for understanding, specific information, biblical truth, author's message
  • Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, language-like flow, communicate meaning, mood, portray characters, emotion, respond to punctuation, convey dialogue

Composition

  • Writing in response to reading
  • Descriptions, personal experiences, poems
  • Alternate story ending

Reading 3
2nd ed.

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Phonics review, introduction of additional variant spellings
  • Syllable division: base words/prefixes/suffixes, VC/CV pattern, compound words, prefixes/suffixes, two-syllable words, words ending with -tion, consonants + le, schwa syllables
  • Service words review

Vocabulary

  • Meaning from context
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Analogies
  • Compound words
  • Contractions

Comprehension

  • Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels
  • Biblical truth
  • Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution
  • Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes
  • Time/place relationships, relevant information, facts/opinions, main idea
  • Punctuation, capitalization, abbreviations, comparatives/superlatives, possessives, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives

Literature

  • Reading a variety of genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, fable, folktale, tall tale, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, play, nonfiction, legend
  • Main character, character development, motives, traits
  • Setting, plot, point of view, fanciful elements, conflict, foreshadowing
  • Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, onomatopoeia, alliteration, quatrains
  • Idioms: imagery, personification, metaphor, simile, humor, sarcasm, suspense

Study Skills

  • Book parts: contents, glossary
  • Encyclopedia, Bible concordance, cross-references, biographical dictionary, newspaper, classified ad
  • Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method
  • Calendar, maps, diagrams, graphs, timeline, schedule

Fluency

  • Silent Reading: read for understanding, specific information, biblical truth, author's message
  • Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, language-like flow, communicate meaning, mood, portray characters, emotion, respond to punctuation, choral reading

Composition

  • Poetry, simile, rhyming riddles, alliterative phrases
  • News article, classified ad, personal experience, journal entry, friendly letter, persuasive essay, descriptive paragraph
  • Story mapping, play writing, tall tale, research writing, decree/law, financial report

Reading 4
2nd ed.

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Syllable division: accented syllables, primary/secondary accents, shift in accent, base words/prefixes/suffixes, schwa syllables
  • Optional remedial phonics

Vocabulary

  • Meaning from context
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Analogies
  • Greek and Latin roots
  • Multiple Meanings

Comprehension

  • Literal, interpretative, critical, appreciative levels
  • Biblical truth
  • Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution
  • Make inferences, draw conclusions, predict outcomes
  • Time/size/place relationships, relevant/irrelevant information, facts/opinions, main idea, dialect, discernment, sense of history

Literature

  • Reading a variety of genres: fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, folktale, tall tale, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, play, legend, regional realism
  • Main character, character motives, traits, growth, and change
  • Setting, plot, point of view, crisis, conflict, foreshadowing, flashback, good/evil elements, moral, mood, suspense
  • Poetry: rhyme, onomatopoeia, haiku
  • Idioms: imagery, personification, metaphor, simile, hyperbole, exaggeration

Study Skills

  • Glossary, types of dictionaries, Bible study, card catalog, Dewey decimal system, captions, headlines, subtitles
  • Encyclopedia, Bible concordance, cross-references
  • Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method, outlining, paraphrasing
  • Maps, diagrams, graphs, charts, timeline, schedules

Fluency

  • Silent Reading: for information, entertainment, understanding, spiritual growth, author's message, biblical truth
  • Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, communicate mood and motive, portray characters, convey emotion, convey meaning of Scripture, voice inflection, volume and pacing

Composition

  • Metaphor, simile, limerick, song, character sketch, fable, short story, tall tale, folktale, animal tales
  • Caption, dialogue, reading response, compare/contrast, problem/solution
  • Descriptive paragraph, personal experience, journal entry, friendly letter, writing directions, map drawing, diagram description, research writing, interview

Reading 5
2nd ed.

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Syllable division: accented syllables, primary/secondary accents, shift in accent, base words/prefixes/suffixes, schwa syllables
  • Optional remedial phonics

Vocabulary

  • Meaning from context
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Analogies
  • Greek and Latin roots
  • Adverbs
  • Adjectives
  • Acronyms
  • Contractions

Comprehension

  • Emphasis on critical and appreciative levels
  • Biblical truth
  • Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution
  • Draw conclusions, predict/evaluate outcomes, make judgements, allegorical comparisons
  • Relevant/irrelevant information, facts/opinions, main idea, dialect, discernment, sense of history

Literature

  • Reading a variety of genres: fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, science fiction, fantasy, folktale, fables, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, legend, narrative, parable
  • Main and lesser characters, character motives, traits, growth, and change
  • Setting, plot, point of view, crisis, conflict, moral, mood, suspense, resolution, theme, symbols
  • Author biographies, allegorical setting, propaganda
  • Poetry: rhyme patterns, onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, enjambment
  • Idioms: imagery, figurative, language, metaphor, simile, hyperbole, allusion, understatement, humor

Study Skills

  • Glossary, index, dictionary, Bible study, card catalog, Dewey decimal system, atlas, captions, headlines, subheadings
  • Encyclopedia, Bible concordance, cross-references
  • Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method, outlining, paraphrasing, note taking, summarizing, topic sentence, listening strategy
  • Maps, diagrams, graphs, charts, timeline

Fluency

  • Silent Reading: for information, entertainment, understanding, spiritual growth, author's message, biblical truth
  • Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, communicate mood, motive, meaning, portray characters, convey emotion, voice expression, volume and rate

Composition

  • Book review, character sketch, writing in response to reading, brainstorming ideas
  • Plot, caption, dialogue, alliteration, assonance, simile, dialect
  • Fable, short story, parable, play, folktale, legend, modern realistic fiction
  • Biography, descriptive paragraph, note of apology, fact/opinion, journal entry, speech writing, a personal experience, friendly letter
  • Summary, writing directions/process, advertisement, news article, tables/charts, research writing

Reading 6
2nd ed.

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Syllable division and accented syllables review

Vocabulary

  • Vocabulary review and quizzes
  • Meaning from context
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Analogies
  • Greek and Latin roots
  • Adverbs
  • Adjectives
  • Etymologies

Comprehension

  • Emphasis on critical and appreciative levels
  • Biblical truth
  • Sequence, classify, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution
  • Draw conclusions, predict/evaluate outcomes, make judgements, interpret information
  • Relevant/irrelevant information, facts/opinions, main idea, discernment, sense of history

Literature

  • Reading a variety of genres: fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, folktale, fables, article, Bible account, biography, poetry, narrative
  • Main and lesser characters, character motives, traits, growth, and change, flat/round, dynamic/static characters, comparing and contrasting characters
  • Setting, plot, point of view, foreshadowing, flashback, tone, conflict, moral, mood, suspense, denouement, cliffhanger, resolution, open/closed endings, theme, symbolism, good/evil
  • Author biographies, propaganda, Caldecott and Newberry awards
  • Poetry: rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, anaphora
  • Idioms: personification, exaggeration, hyperbole, allusion, understatement, sarcasm, irony, dialect

Study Skills

  • Glossary, encyclopedia, thesaurus, Bible study, catalog order, Dewey decimal system, non-print media, periodical guide, atlas, headlines, primary/secondary sources, Venn diagram, graphic organizers
  • Skimming, scanning, PQ3R study method, outlining, paraphrasing, note taking, summarizing, topic sentence, listening strategy
  • Maps, diagrams, graphs, charts, timeline, tables

Fluency

  • Silent Reading: for information, entertainment, understanding, spiritual growth, author's message, Biblical truth
  • Oral Reading: communicate message of the author, communicate mood, motive, meaning, emotion, persuasive manner, interpret dialect, choral reading, voice expression, reading rate

Composition

  • Setting, plot, character sketch
  • Advertisement, article, predictions, summary, compare and contrast, charting, report, timeline, interview, research, brainstorming ideas
  • Short story, play, tall tale, Biblical fiction, devotional, radio broadcast, personal experience, humorous incident letter, opinion, thank you note, friendly letter, descriptive paragraph
  • Poem, riddles, haiku, cinquain, rhymes, choral reading
  • Devices of style, imagery, hyperbole, allusion, theme, irony, pun, point of view, figurative language
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